A Day in the Half Life: Machine Learning
February 08, 2021
In addition to making everyday life easier, machine learning (ML) algorithms are beginning to advance scientific and medical research in dramatic ways. In fact, the range of potential applications is so huge that the question has shifted from “Can we use machine learning to solve this?” to “Do we understand these algorithms well enough to use ML for this?” In this podcast, two Berkeley Lab ML experts discuss machine learning and its scientific applications.
AI for Efficient Flying Qubits
Project Aims to Up the Efficiency of Converting Optic Signals to Quantum Connections
December 2, 2020
How do quantum computers connect over fiber networks? Right now, not very well. A team of Berkeley Lab scientists led by post-doctoral researcher Mekena Metcalf is using artificial intelligence techniques to boost the efficiency of a key process that enables qubits to "fly" across optical fiber.
Machine Learning Takes on Synthetic Biology
Berkeley Lab scientists develop a tool that could drastically speed up the ability to design new biological systems
September 25, 2020
If you’ve eaten vegan burgers that taste like meat or used synthetic collagen in your beauty routine – both products that are “grown” in the lab – then you’ve benefited from synthetic biology. However, the field is rife with possibilities that reach beyond burgers and face creams and into the realms of medicine, agriculture, climate, energy, and materials. Berkeley Lab scientists are developing smart algorithms with the potential to reduce bioengineering development cycles from years down to months, or even weeks.
A Machine Learning Solution for Designing Optical Materials
December 2, 2020
Understanding how matter interacts with light – its optical properties – is critical in a myriad of energy and biomedical technologies, but calculating these properties is computationally intensive. And the inverse problem – designing a structure with desired optical properties – is even harder.
Now Berkeley Lab scientists have developed a machine learning model that can be used for both problems – calculating optical properties of a known structure and, inversely, designing a structure with desired optical properties.
Clues to COVID-19 Treatments Could Be Hiding in Existing Data
Berkeley Lab Scientists Want to Find Them
July 15, 2020
Berkeley Lab computing and bioinformatics experts are working together to develop a platform that consolidates COVID-19 data sources and uses the unified library to make predictions – about potential drug targets, for example.
Driver-less Data Acquisition
Self-learning algorithm breaks new ground in data collection and analysis
A self-learning algorithm developed by the CAMERA group at Berkeley Lab has enabled researchers at the Institut Laue-Langevin to for the first time run an autonomous data analysis during a neutron scattering experiment.
Berkeley Lab's Aggregate Data Standard for AI Modeling
August 31, 2020
Much of today's scientific data comes in a form that machine learning algorithms can’t use effectively. Berkeley Lab's ENDURABLE aims to make complex datasets compiled from a wide variety of sources more useful to scientists using the latest artificial intelligence techniques to make new discoveries.
Can CT Scans Be Used to Quickly and Accurately Diagnose COVID-19?
June 1, 2020
Berkeley Lab data scientist Daniela Ushizima is exploring whether image recognition algorithms and a data analysis pipeline powered by machine learning can help accurately distinguish COVID-19 abnormalities in CT scans and chest X-rays from other overlapping respiratory illnesses.
Smart Farms of the Future
Making Bioenergy Crops More Environmentally Friendly
June 2, 2020
Berkeley Lab scientists are marrying machine learning with agriculture in field research that also includes molecular biology, biogeochemistry, environmental sensing technologies, and machine learning. This “farm of the future” could revolutionize agriculture and create sustainable farming practices that benefit both the environment and farms.
Mining the Literature for New Insights
Machine Learning Tool Sets Sites on COVID-19
April 28, 2020
A team of Berkeley Lab scientists who normally spend their time researching things like high-performance materials for thermoelectrics or battery cathodes have built a text-mining tool in record time to help the global scientific community synthesize the mountain of scientific literature on COVID-19 being generated every day.
Estimating COVID-19's Seasonal Cycle
May 20, 2020
Is COVID-19 seasonal like the flu, waning in warm summer months then resurgent in the fall and winter? Berkeley Lab has launched a new project to apply machine-learning methods to health and environmental datasets, combining high-res climate models and seasonal forecasts, to tease out the answer.
Seeing the Universe Through New Lenses
May 14, 2020
Berkeley Lab scientists are employing a neural network and an award-winning algorithm to sort through troves of ground-based space images and identify strong gravitational lenses. Created by galaxies and other massive space objects, the lense bend light to reveal distant objects and phenomena along the same path, making them powerful probes of dark matter, dark energy, and other cosmic mysteries.
Applying ‘Decision Science’ to Transportation Behaviors
March 12, 2020
Why do some people adopt electric vehicles, ride-sharing, ride-hailing, or online shopping while others don’t? Berkeley Lab researcher Anna Spurlock spearheads the WholeTraveler Transportation Behavior Study, a three-year project that uses machine learning techniques to try to understand what drives human choices in transportation.
Microbiome MatchmakerDecember 2, 2019
A unique neural network architecture called mmvec (microbe-metabolite vectors) is opening new windows into the complex microbial communities in the environment and our bodies. Such "microbiomes" are devilishly difficult to untangle, but doing so could help us understand processes that give rise to many biological and medical mysteries, such as inflammatory bowel disease.
Simulating the Universe in TensorFlowMarch 6, 2020
In this blog post, Berkeley Lab's Uroŝ Seljak and his collaborators from the Berkeley Center for Cosmological Physics explain how to simulate a tiny universe in their FlowPM, a machine learning cosmological simulator that's both faster and smarter than conventional approaches.
Artificial Intelligence to Enable Smart Farming
February 28, 2020
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab scientists Ben Brown and Haruko Wainwright have been working with the University of Arkansas and Glennoe Farms on a pilot project called the “AR1K Smart Farm”. The project aims to improve sustainability in agriculture – increasing the yields while reducing chemical inputs and improving soil health - using sensors and artificial intelligence.
Stabilizing Synchrotron LightNovember 19, 2019
Machine learning can predict noisy fluctuations in synchrotron light sources and correct them before they occur. The breakthrough solves a decades old issue and will make new, higher powered light sources, such as the Advanced Light Source located at Berkeley Lab, even more useful to scientists.
Etalumis Reverses Simulations to Reveal New ScienceNovember 12, 2019
Deep neural networks are one key to helping scientists "reverse engineer" simulations, feeding experimental datasets back into models to reveal new science. Large Hadron Collider data provided the test case for this new framework, called Etalumis.
Deep Learning Expands Study of Nuclear Waste RemediationNovember 9, 2019
A research collaboration including Berkeley Lab demonstrated how physics-informed generative adversarial networks (GANs) can be used in analyzing complex, large-scale science problems. The team modeled subsurface flows in the study of nuclear waste remediation, achieving exaplop/s-throughput in the process.
Berkeley Lab Researchers Help Caltrans Predict Traffic Tie-UpsNovember 4, 2019
Berkeley Lab researchers are using machine learning to help improve Caltrans’ real-time decision making with more accurate traffic modeling. The system is being tested in Los Angeles County's I-210 corridor testbed in conjunction with state and local agencies.
Predicting Watershed BehaviorJuly 30, 2019
Studying watersheds using learning techniques can lead to better predictions about downstream water supply and quality while offering better information for stewarding these vital resources.
Learning to Look for Elusive InovirusesJuly 22, 2019
Using a machine learning approach, a team led by the Joint Genome Institute at Berkeley Lab has opened a new window on the number and diversity of elusive inoviruses. Trawling caches of metagenomic data, the researchers' machine learning method identified 10,000 probable inovirus sequences in six broad families.
Mining for Hidden KnowledgeJuly 3, 2019
Berkeley Lab study finds that text mining of scientific literature can lead to new discoveries.
To Pump or Not to Pump?June 3, 2019
Berkeley Lab scientists aim to create a new machine learning tool for smarter groundwater management.
The Future of Scientific Machine LearningApril 15, 2019
Early, mid-career scientists identify applied math challenges, sow seeds of future collaborations.
The Quest to Convert CO₂ into FuelsApril 8, 2019
Materials Project's machine learning approach opens new vistas in photocathode research.
Better Simulations on the CheapMarch 10, 2019
ExaLearn will interpolate details from sparse data to create surrogate models, first for cosmology.
Detecting Global Climate PatternsFebruary 25, 2019
ClimateNet will use deep learning to shed light on the changing behavior of climate and extreme weather.
Tracing the Nature of NeutrinosDecember 21, 2018
IceCube research garners best paper award at IEEE machine learning conference.
Identifying Extreme WeatherNovember 20, 2018
Berkeley Lab-led team shares 2018 Gordon Bell Prize for deep learning climate application.
Supporting Sustainable FarmingOctober 28, 2018
Harnessing the power of machine learning and microbiology
Topology, Physics & Machine Learning Take on Climate Research Data ChallengesSeptember 4, 2018
New data analytics tools could dramatically impact large-scale science data projects
Learning from Living CellsAugust 23, 2018
Infrared beams, machine learning show cell types in a different light
A Groundwater Early Warning System August 13, 2018
Berkeley Lab researchers devise system to monitor contaminant plumes
Pinpointing Earthquake ImpactsJune 28, 2018
Using ML techniques, new simulations can break down potential major quake impacts by building location and size.
The Challenges of Big Data and Advanced Computing SolutionsJuly 12, 2018
Berkeley Lab's Katherine Yelick contributes expert testimony to Congressional Committee hearing.
New ECP Co-Design Center to Focus on Exascale Machine LearningJuly 20, 2018
Berkeley Lab One of Eight National Labs Participating in 'ExaLearn'
Physicists, Machine Learning Experts Team Up to Tackle TrackMLJune 11, 2018
ML challenge aims to quickly reconstruct the paths of millions of electrically charged particles created in colliders.
Extreme WeatherMarch 29, 2018
Deep learning at 15 pflops to identify extreme weather at scale
‘Minimalist Machine Learning’February 21, 2018
Machine learning algorithm analyzes experimental images from limited training data, speeding up the deployment of learning tools
Targeting More Effective Cancer DrugsAugust 16, 2017
Machine learning model predicts protein binding for better drug candidates
Machine Learning Enhances Predictive Modeling of 2D MaterialsMarch 2, 2017
Using machine learning algorithms could reduce the time it takes to accurately predict the physical, chemical, and mechanical properties of nanomaterials from years to months.
Unlocking Mysteries of the UniverseJanuary 30, 2018
Teaching machines to analyze simulations of exotic subatomic ‘soup’